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Maternal socio-demographic and economic factors of preterm babies born in Teaching Hospital, Jaffna, Sri Lanka

Authors:

Sasrubi Sathees ,

University of Jaffna, LK
About Sasrubi
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine
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Manoji Gitanjali Sathiadas,

University of Jaffna, LK
About Manoji
Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine
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Rajendra Surenthirakumaran,

University of Jaffna, LK
About Rajendra

Department of Community and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine

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Vasanthy Arasaratnam

University of Jaffna, LK
About Vasanthy
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Jaffna
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Abstract

Background: Several maternal, socio-demographic and economic characteristics are associated with preterm birth.


Objectives: To assess the influence of maternal socio-demographic and economic factors on preterm deliveries in Jaffna, Sri Lanka.


Method:  This is an institutional based prospective descriptive study conducted at the Teaching Hospital, Jaffna, Sri Lanka, from October 2015 to February 2017.  A pre-tested questionnaire was used to study the association of maternal socio-demographic factors such as age, religion, marital status, education, and economic factors, such as employment, monthly income per person, and family type, to preterm deliveries. Preterm birth was categorized based on gestational age as very preterm (28 to <32 weeks) and moderate to late preterm (32 to <37 weeks).  Data were entered and analysed using SPSS version 16.0.


Results:In our study 54.3% of preterm babies were males. Mean gestational age of the preterm babies was 35.0 ±1.9 weeks. Frequency of moderate to late preterm delivery was 91.9% (n=159). Mean birth weight of the preterm babies was 2.2 ±0.6 kg with the range from 0.8 to 4.2 kg. Of the mothers of the preterm babies 84.4% were 20- 34 years old, 72.3% were Hindus, 98.8% were legally married, 39.9% studied up to Grade 11, 86.1% were housewives, 62.4% received monthly income per person more than 4,340 LKR  and 75.7% were living in extended family structure. No statistically significant association was found between maternal socio-demographic factors, economic status and gestational age of the preterm babies.


Conclusion: Maternal socio-demographic and economic factors had no significant influence on preterm deliveries in the Jaffna district of Sri Lanka.

 

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2021; 50(4): 692-698

How to Cite: Sathees, S., Sathiadas, M.G., Surenthirakumaran, R. and Arasaratnam, V., 2021. Maternal socio-demographic and economic factors of preterm babies born in Teaching Hospital, Jaffna, Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 50(4), pp.692–698. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v50i4.9889
Published on 05 Dec 2021.
Peer Reviewed

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