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Burden of respiratory disease on hospital admission of children: Experience from a tertiary care centre

Author:

Umasankar Nirubaa

University of Jaffna, LK
About Umasankar

Senior Lecturer, Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine

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Abstract

Introduction: Respiratory disease is a common cause of hospital admission in children.


Objectives: To assess the burden of respiratory diseases on hospital admissions of children under 14 years at Teaching Hospital Jaffna (THJ), Sri Lanka.


Method: A prospective cross-sectional study was carried out at the Professorial Unit of THJ, Sri Lanka. All the children diagnosed with the respiratory disease were recruited into the study. Data were collected from 1st January to 31st December 2017 by interviewer-administered questionnaire. The data were analysed using SPSS version 20.0. Results were expressed as percentages and frequencies for qualitative data and mean and standard deviation for quantitative data.


Results: Out of a total of 4127 admissions 1286 (31%) children were admitted with respiratory illness. There was male predominance (55.7%). Mean age of the study population was 42 ± 39 months. Infectious diseases contributed to 92% of hospital admissions. During the previous six-month period 79.6% had no respiratory illness, and 80% had no hospital admission. The mean distance from home to the hospital was 2.3 ± 1.5km.  During the ward stay oxygen was needed in 9.5% of children. Mean duration of hospital stay was 3.73 ± 2.03 days. Seasonal variations were seen with a peak incidence in March.


Conclusions: Respiratory illness contributes to a significant burden on hospital admission of children.


Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2022; 51(4): 661-666

How to Cite: Nirubaa, U., 2021. Burden of respiratory disease on hospital admission of children: Experience from a tertiary care centre. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 50(4), pp.661–666. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v50i4.9858
Published on 05 Dec 2021.
Peer Reviewed

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