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Morbidity pattern and outcome in patients admitted in a paediatric intensive care unit: Experience of hospital attached to medical college in rural Maharashtra

Author:

Subhash Shankar Poyekar

Rural Medical College, Loni, Maharashtra, IN
About Subhash

Associate Professor, Department of Paediatrics

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Abstract

Introduction: Critically ill children require treatment in an intensive care unit which is not easily available in rural areas and costly resulting in more deaths in rural parts of India. The knowledge of pattern of disease prevalent in the local community plays an important role in planning appropriate health care facilities. Outcome findings help in evaluation of current medical practices and carrying out changes if necessary, leading to better patient care.


Objectives: To analyse morbidity pattern and outcome in patients admitted in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) of a hospital in rural Maharashtra.


Method: Descriptive data were collected retrospectively from the hospital medical records from January 2017 to December 2018 and analysed for morbidity pattern and outcome in children admitted in PICU.


Results: A total of 2386 children were admitted and treated in the PICU during the 2-year period. Mean age of the studied patients was 40.2 ± 42 months; 34% were infants and 58.9% were males. The mean length of stay (LOS) in PICU was 4.81 ± 4.89 days. Diagnoses included respiratory infection (27.3%), infectious diseases (20.5%), neurological disorders (18.2%), gastrointestinal (10.5%), haematological (5.8%), renal/endocrinal (3.2 %), cardiovascular (3.1%), and others (10.7%). Other causes included acute poisoning, snake / scorpion bite, trauma and foreign body ingestion / aspiration. The overall mortality rate was 9%.


Conclusions: The present study reveals that the most susceptible age group was under-five children. Respiratory illnesses and infectious diseases are the major causes.


Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2021; 50(4): 655-660

How to Cite: Poyekar, S.S., 2021. Morbidity pattern and outcome in patients admitted in a paediatric intensive care unit: Experience of hospital attached to medical college in rural Maharashtra. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 50(4), pp.655–660. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v50i4.9857
Published on 05 Dec 2021.
Peer Reviewed

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