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Original Articles

An assessment of the sleeping pattern in healthy infants

Authors:

N. G. H. Madhushika ,

University of Ruhuna, LK
About N. G. H.

Faculty of Allied Health Sciences

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W. V. R. T. D. G. Bandara

University of Ruhuna, LK
About W. V. R. T. D. G.
Faculty of Allied Health Sciences
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Abstract

Background: Sleep plays a significant role in good physiological state and well-being throughout life. Sleep is necessary for children because it directly impacts mental and physical development.


Objective: To assess the sleep pattern, sleep habits, parental reporting of sleep problems and examine the factors affecting sleep in a group of healthy infants in Sri Lanka.


Method: Two hundred fifty parent / baby pairs participated in this descriptive cross-sectional study. Sample was divided into the following age categories: one month, three months, six months, nine months and twelve months. Data were collected from parents / caregivers at well-baby clinics in selected public health midwife (PHM) areas, using an interviewer-administered sleeping questionnaire and infants’ sleeping hours were recorded using a sleeping chart. Data were analysed using SPSS version 25.


Results: Mean daytime, nighttime and total sleep duration of infants at 1 month of age was 6.09 hours, 8.47 hours and 14.26 hours respectively. The mean daytime, nighttime and the total sleep duration of the infants at 12 months of age was 2.57 hours, 8.33 hours and 10.87 hours respectively. About 12% of babies had total sleep durations not in agreement with the National Sleep Foundation (NSF) 2015 recommendations. Total sleep bouts tended to decrease with increasing age but 6 month old babies had higher sleep bouts than 3 month old babies.  About 26.4% of infants were reported to have problematic sleep. There was no significant difference in total sleep time between female and male babies.


Conclusions: There was a statistically significant difference of total sleep for the five age groups. There was a statistically significant difference in daytime sleep between the five age groups. Total sleep duration of most infants was adequate according to the NSF recommendation.

 

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2021; 50(4): 644-649

How to Cite: Madhushika, N.G.H. and Bandara, W.V.R.T.D.G., 2021. An assessment of the sleeping pattern in healthy infants. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 50(4), pp.644–649. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v50i4.9855
Published on 05 Dec 2021.
Peer Reviewed

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