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Original Articles

The effect of complementary food combinations on stunted children aged 6 months and over: a cross sectional study

Authors:

Nopi Nur Khasanah ,

Islamic University of Sultan Agung Semarang 50112, ID
About Nopi
Diploma Nursing Programme, Faculty of Nursing Science
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Hani Nurmalasari,

Islamic University of Sultan Agung Semarang 50112, ID
About Hani
Nursing Profession Study Programme, Faculty of Nursing Science
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Elsa Nur Afiana,

Islamic University of Sultan Agung Semarang 50112, ID
About Elsa
Nursing Profession Study Programme, Faculty of Nursing Science
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Dyah Wiji Puspita Sari,

Islamic University of Sultan Agung Semarang 50112, ID
About Dyah
Nursing Profession Study Programme, Faculty of Nursing Science
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Apriliani Yulianti Wuriningsih,

Islamic University of Sultan Agung Semarang 50112, ID
About Apriliani
Nursing Study Programme, Faculty of Nursing Science
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Indra Tri Astuti

Islamic University of Sultan Agung Semarang 50112, ID
About Indra
Nursing Study Programme, Faculty of Nursing Science
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Abstract

Background: Complementary feeding practice, starting from when children are 6 months old, is one of the associated factors of stunted growth.


Objectives: To assess the correlation between complementary food combinations, mothers’ occupation, basic immunisation history, birth weight and stunted growth.


Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Karangroto village, Central Java, Indonesia in November 2019. Data were collected using infant's weight and length/height and stunting was determined using WHO Child Growth Standards. Independent variable data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Bivariate analysis was performed using Chi-Squared and Fisher’s exact test whilst multivariate analysis used logistic regression.


Result: Of the total 117 respondents, 24.8% were categorised as stunted and 37.3% children who did not receive different food combinations were categorised as stunted. Bivariate analysis found that stunting in children is related to unvaried food combinations (p=0.001, OR 6.845; 95% CI 2.199, 21.304), incomplete basic immunisations based on age (p=0.028, OR 2.951; 95% CI 1.211, 7.191) and low birth weight (p=0.032, OR 3.344; 95% CI 1.150, 9.720). Logistic regression showed that children who did not receive different food combinations were at a higher risk of experiencing stunting (p<0.001, OR 12.355; 95% CI 3.139, 48.629).


Conclusions: In this study stunting in children was significantly related to unvaried food combinations, incomplete basic immunisations based on age and low birth weight according to bivariate analysis. However, logistic regression showed that children who did not receive different food combinations were at a higher risk of stunting.

 

Sri Lanka Journal of Child health, 2021; 50(3): 465-471

How to Cite: Khasanah, N.N., Nurmalasari, H., Afiana, E.N., Sari, D.W.P., Wuriningsih, A.Y. and Astuti, I.T., 2021. The effect of complementary food combinations on stunted children aged 6 months and over: a cross sectional study. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 50(3), pp.465–471. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v50i3.9727
Published on 05 Sep 2021.
Peer Reviewed

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