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Original Articles

The relationship between feeding patterns and growth of infants up to 6 months

Authors:

Azar Nematollahi,

Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Community based Psychiatric Care Research Centre, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, IR
About Azar
Midwifery Instructor, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Community based Psychiatric Care Research Centre, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
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Saadat Amouei Amouei,

Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran,, IR
About Saadat Amouei
Student Research Committee, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, 
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Farideh Vaziri,

Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Community based Psychiatric Care Research Centre, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran,, IR
About Farideh
Midwifery Instructor, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Community based Psychiatric Care Research Centre, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, 
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Roksana Janghorban

Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Maternal-fetal Medicine Research Centre, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, IR
About Roksana
Assistant Professor in Reproductive Health, Department of Midwifery, School of  Nursing and Midwifery, Maternal-fetal Medicine Research Centre, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran    
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Abstract

Background: Proper growth is one of the most reliable criteria for assessing the health status of infants. Nutrition is one of the factors affecting infant growth.

Objectives: To determine the relationship between the pattern of nutrition and growth of infants up to 6 months of age.

Method: A cohort study was conducted on 210 infants ranging from 3-5 days old to 2 months old from July 2016 to August 2017. Data were collected by using a demographic collective form, and measurement of growth indices from 2 to 6 months in three food patterns. Data analysis was done using ANOVA, repeated measures, Chi-square, Pearson correlation coefficient by SPSS software version 18. 

Results: The results showed that infants fed breast milk or mixed feeding were heavier and taller at 2, 4 months old than infants fed formula. There was no significant difference in 6 month variation in weight in all three dietary patterns (p= 0.405). These changes were significant in the case of height (p<0.001) and were higher in formula feeding group. No significant difference was found in the mean head circumference from 2 to 6 months and its changes during 6 months in all three dietary patterns.

Conclusions: The results of this study indicated that exclusive breastfeeding and mixed feeding patterns in comparison with formula feeding can have more favourable effect on the growth of weight and height in infants between the ages of 2-4 months.

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2020; 49(2): 132-139

How to Cite: Nematollahi, A., Amouei, S.A., Vaziri, F. and Janghorban, R., 2020. The relationship between feeding patterns and growth of infants up to 6 months. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 49(2), pp.132–139. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v49i2.8960
Published on 05 Jun 2020.
Peer Reviewed

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