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Original Articles

Predictors of complementary feeding in infants aged 6 to 18 months: An application of Health Belief Model

Authors:

Amin Mirzaei ,

Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran, IR
About Amin
Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran
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Fateme Pur Esmaeili,

Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran, IR
About Fateme
Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran
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Mohsen Jalilian

Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran, IR
About Mohsen
Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran
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Abstract

Introduction: Complementary feeding plays a vital role in growth and development of children and prevention the malnutrition.

Objective: To determine the predictors of complementary feeding in 6 to 18-month-old infants and young children based on the Health Belief Model (HBM).

Method: This cross-sectional study was performed on 270 mothers of children aged 6 to 18 months who were randomly selected from those referred to six health centres in Andimeshk city, Iran. Data were gathered using a 53-item questionnaire based on the HBM and were analysed by SPSS statistical software, descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation and multiple regression tests.

Results: Mean age of the mothers was 29.8 ± 5.08 years and most of them were homemakers (88.5%) and had an under-diploma education (62.2%). The HBM constructs predicted a total of 28.9% of the variance of mothers' behaviour in relation to complementary feeding in children. Perceived self-efficacy (p = 0.001) and perceived barriers (p = 0.011) significantly predicted the behaviour. 

Conclusions: Perceived barriers and perceived self-efficacy are the most important determinants of mothers' behaviour in relation to complementary feeding in children.

How to Cite: Mirzaei, A., Esmaeili, F.P. and Jalilian, M., 2020. Predictors of complementary feeding in infants aged 6 to 18 months: An application of Health Belief Model. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 49(1), pp.48=53. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v49i1.8898
Published on 05 Mar 2020.
Peer Reviewed

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