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Pattern of dietary supplement consumption among Iranian high school girls and related factors

Authors:

Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi,

Research Centre of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran,, IR
About Abolfazl
Research Centre of Gastroenterology and Hepatology,  Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran,  
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Narges Mohammadsalehi,

Research Centre for Air Pollutants, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran, IR
About Narges
Research Centre for Air Pollutants, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
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Esmail Moshiri,

Department of Anaesthesia, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran, IR
About Esmail
Department of Anaesthesia, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
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Azadeh Asgarian,

Research Centre for Air Pollutants, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran, IR
About Azadeh
Research Centre for Air Pollutants, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
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Sima Afrashteh,

Department of Public Health, Vice chancellor of Health, MSc of Epidemiology, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran,, IR
About Sima
Department of Public Health, Vice chancellor of Health, MSc of Epidemiology, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran, 
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Salman Khazaei,

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran, IR
About Salman
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
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Hossein Ansari

Health Promotion Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran, IR
About Hossein
Health Promotion Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
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Abstract

Introduction: Adolescence is a critical period of life especially in high school girls due to large physical, social, and psychological changes.

Objectives: To assess prevalence and frequency of consumption of dietary supplements among Iranian high school girls and related factors.

Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 638 high school girls in Qom city, Iran in 2017. The girls were selected by multi-stage sampling from 16 high schools. Data were collected using a validated reliable questionnaire that included demographic characteristics and the dietary supplement consumption including ferrous sulphate, folic acid, iron + folic acid, calcium, vitamin E, calcium + vitamin E, zinc, vitamin C, multivitamin and vitamin D. Statistical analysis used SPSS software, Chi square test, independent t-test and multivariate binary logistic regression.

Results:Overall monthly prevalence of dietary supplement consumption was 65.3% (417/639). Consumption for calcium was 43.2%, for vitamin E 39%, vitamin D 36.5% ferrous sulphate 35.2%, calcium plus vitamin E 32.6%, iron plus folic acid25.4%, folic acid 22.4%, multivitamin 20.5%, zinc 17.4% and vitamin D 8%.  The annul prevalence of ferrous sulphate, calcium and vitamin E was 50% higher and the minimum prevalence was in vitamin D and zinc consumption. The regression model showed that income level of family and the SRH score were the most important related factors of dietary supplement consumption.

Conclusions: According to our results, the monthly dietary supplement consumption prevalence in Iranian high school girls is good, but the daily intake of mineral supplement is weak.

How to Cite: Mohammadbeigi, A., Mohammadsalehi, N., Moshiri, E., Asgarian, A., Afrashteh, S., Khazaei, S. and Ansari, H., 2020. Pattern of dietary supplement consumption among Iranian high school girls and related factors. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 49(1), pp.41–47. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v49i1.8897
Published on 05 Mar 2020.
Peer Reviewed

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