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Original Articles

Prospective study on incidence and pattern of congenital abnormalities in a tertiary care hospital in Sri Lanka

Authors:

K. S. Y. Perera ,

Jayewardenepura General Hospital, Sri Lanka,, LK
About K. S. Y.
Neonatal Intensive care unit
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Nimesha Chamidani Gamhewage,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About Nimesha Chamidani
Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medical Sciences
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Medha Weerasekera

Sri Jayewardenepura General Hospital, LK
About Medha


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Abstract

Background: Congenital abnormalities are defined as structural / functional abnormalities, and/or biochemical-molecular defects present at birth. Common grave anomalies are cardiac defects, neural tube defects and Down syndrome. 

 

Objectives: To assess incidence and type of congenital abnormalities in births at Sri Jayewardenepura General Hospital (SJGH). 


Method: A prospective study was done at SJGH from March 2015 to end of November 2017 including all the births during that time period. The information was recorded in a pretested data collection sheet. Data was analysed using SPSS statistical software.

 

Results: Of 10,157 babies born during the study period (both live births and still births) the incidence of congenital abnormalities was 2.6%. Isolated congenital abnormalities were found in 137 (1.3%) babies and multiple congenital abnormalities were found in 96 (0.9%). Fifty one babies belonged to syndromes with an incidence of 0.5%. Mild, severe and lethal congenital anomalies had incidences of 1.4%, 1.2% and 0.1% respectively. The commonest anomalies were congenital heart diseases followed by muscular-skeletal system anomalies. Presence of birth defects was significantly associated with male gender, prematurity and low birth weight.

 

Conclusions: Incidence of birth defects was 2.6%. The 2 most common anomalies were congenital heart disease and muscular-skeletal system anomalies.

 

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2019; 48(4): 321-325


How to Cite: Perera, K.S.Y., Gamhewage, N.C. and Weerasekera, M., 2019. Prospective study on incidence and pattern of congenital abnormalities in a tertiary care hospital in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 48(4), pp.321–325. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v48i4.8826
Published on 05 Dec 2019.
Peer Reviewed

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