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Reading: Factors associated with length of stay in a neonatal intensive care unit in Iran

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Original Articles

Factors associated with length of stay in a neonatal intensive care unit in Iran

Authors:

Fatemeh Kheiry,

Pediatrics Hospital, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran, IR
About Fatemeh
Msc of Nursing, Pediatrics Hospital, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
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Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi,

Research Centre Environmental pollutants, Qom University of Medical Sciences,, Qom, Iran,, IR
About Abolfazl
Research Centre Environmental pollutants, Qom University of Medical Sciences,, Qom, Iran,
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Sima Afrashteh ,

Bushehr University of Medical Sciences,, Bushehr, Iran, IR
About Sima
Msc of Epidemiology, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences,, Bushehr, Iran 
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Sadegh Kargarian-Marvasti Kargarian-Marvasti,

Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran, IR
About Sadegh Kargarian-Marvasti
Msc of Epidemiology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
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Salma Naderi Naderi,

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Research Development Centre of Children Hospital, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences,, Bandar Abbas, Iran
About Salma Naderi
Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Research Development Centre of Children Hospital, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences,, Bandar Abbas, Iran 
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Hosein Saadat Saadat,

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Research Development Centre of Children Hospital, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences,, Bandar Abbas, Iran, IR
About Hosein Saadat
Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Research Development Centre of Children Hospital, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences,, Bandar Abbas, Iran
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Leila Nami Nazari

Bushehr University of Medical Sciences,, Bushehr, Iran, IR
About Leila
Vice-Chancellor for Public Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences,, Bushehr, Iran   
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Abstract

Background: The length of stay (LOS) is a useful indicator of health and prediction of the LOS in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) has drawn increasing attention over the past years.

Objectives: To determine factors associated with infant’s LOS in the NICU in Bandar Abbas city, Southern Iran, between 2016 and 2017.

Method: This cohort study reviewed 603 medical records of all NICU admitted newborns. Data were collected using data collection forms. The Cox multiple hazards regression model determined the factors associated with the infant’s LOS. Data was analysed using SPSS, version 21. The significance level was set at 0.05.

Results: The median LOS in NICU was 9 days. The results of multiple Cox proportional hazards regression model showed that type of feeding, umbilical and central venous catheterization, mechanical ventilation, nosocomial infection, acute renal failure, blood transfusion, and antibiotic therapy were significantly associated with LOS in the NICU (p <0.05).

Conclusions: The type of feeding, umbilical and central venous catheterization, mechanical ventilation, nosocomial infection, acute renal failure, blood transfusion, and antibiotic therapy were significantly associated with LOS in the NICU.

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2019; 48(3): 226-232

How to Cite: Kheiry, F., Mohammadbeigi, A., Afrashteh, S., Kargarian-Marvasti, S.K.-M., Naderi, S.N., Saadat, H.S. and Nazari, L.N., 2019. Factors associated with length of stay in a neonatal intensive care unit in Iran. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 48(3), pp.226–232. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v48i3.8757
Published on 05 Sep 2019.
Peer Reviewed

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