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Knowledge about neonatal jaundice among Nepalese mothers

Authors:

Sharmila Shrestha ,

Karnali Academy of Health Sciences, Nepal, NP
About Sharmila
Karnali Academy of Health Sciences, Nepal
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Marcia A Pertini,

Wuhan University, Hope School of Nursing, Wuhan, China, NP
About Marcia
Wuhan University, Hope School of Nursing, Wuhan, China
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Sarita Shrestha,

Iwamura College of Health Science, Bhaktapur, Nepal, NP
About Sarita
Iwamura College of Health Science, Bhaktapur, Nepal
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Sabita Maharjan Maharjan

Asian College for Advance Studies, Satdobato, Lalitpur, NP
About Sabita Maharjan
Asian College for Advance Studies, Satdobato, Lalitpur
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Abstract

Introduction: Neonatal Jaundice (NNJ) is an important contributor to the high neonatal morbidity and mortality in Nepal. 

Objectives: To assess the knowledge among mothers about NNJ.

Method: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among 177 mothers in Sunakothi, Lalitpur, a village in Kathmandu valley, with an interview schedule and convenient sampling technique.

Results: Of the 177 mothers, 57.1% were in the 26-30 year age group, 98.7% had at least four antenatal visits, 81.6% were Hindus, 50.6% were educated up to class eleven and 42.9% were housewives. Around 50% of mothers had a low level of knowledge (score <50%), 28.6% had moderate level of knowledge (score 50-75%) and 22% had adequate level of knowledge (score >75%) regarding NNJ. Whilst 84% of mothers believed that the danger sign of NNJ was inability to feed the baby, 11% of mothers believed that mental retardation and death were complications of NNJ. A few mothers (12%) were aware about the cause of NNJ. Around 74% mothers believed that exposing the baby to sunlight is the home management of NNJ but only 2% had heard about phototherapy. Whilst knowledge about NNJ had a statistically significant relationship with maternal education, there was no statistically significant relationship with age, occupation or parity.Nepal had a poor knowledge about the causes, danger signs, complications and treatment of NNJ.

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2019; 48(3): 215-220

 

Conclusions: This study shows that the mothers in Sunakothi, Lalitpur village in Kathmandu valley,
How to Cite: Shrestha, S., Pertini, M.A., Shrestha, S. and Maharjan, S.M., 2019. Knowledge about neonatal jaundice among Nepalese mothers. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 48(3), pp.215–220. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v48i3.8755
Published on 05 Sep 2019.
Peer Reviewed

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