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Prevalence of junk food consumption, overweight/obesity and self-rated health and fitness in high school adolescent girls: a cross sectional study in a deprived area of Qom

Authors:

Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi,

Research Centre Environmental pollutants, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran, IR
About Abolfazl
Research Centre Environmental pollutants, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
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Azadeh Asgarian,

Neurology and Neuroscience Research Centre, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran, IR
About Azadeh
Neurology and Neuroscience Research Centre, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
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Robabeh Ahmadli,

Neurology and Neuroscience Research Centre, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran, IR
About Robabeh
Neurology and Neuroscience Research Centre, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
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Seyedeh Zahra Fara-Shirazi,

Student Research Committee, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran, IR
About Seyedeh
Student Research Committee, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
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Esmaeil Moshiri,

Faculty of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran, IR
About Esmaeil
Faculty of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
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Hossein Ansari,

Health Promotion Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran, IR
About Hossein
Health Promotion Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
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Salman Khazaei Khazaei,

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran, IR
About Salman Khazaei
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
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Sima Afrashteh

Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran, IR
About Sima

Msc of Epidemiology, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran

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Abstract

Background: Junk food intake is associated with high salt and high caloric intake and is one of the causes of overweight/obesity.

Objectives: To assess the prevalence of junk food consumption in snack times and its association with obesity and overweight in high school girl students in a deprived area of Qom. 

Method: A cross-sectional study was done in 638 high school girls who were selected using the multi-stage random sampling method. Overweight/obesity was measured using body mass index (BMI) and a questionnaire was used to ascertain the daily, weekly, monthly, three monthly and occasional junk food consumption. Chi square test and t-test were used to analyse the collected data.

Results: Mean age of participants was 15.77±0.73 years (range 15-18 years). The prevalence of underweight and overweight in study subjects was 23.2% and 11.4% respectively. BMI was not significantly related to some junk foods (p>0.05). Nevertheless, chocolate/soft drinks were associated by higher prevalence of underweight (75.8%) compared to overweight/obesity (57.6%).

Conclusions: Junk food consumption prevalence was high among the studied population of high school girls in a deprived area of Qom. There was no significant association between junk food consumption and BMI in this study population.

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2019; 48(3): 208-214

How to Cite: Mohammadbeigi, A., Asgarian, A., Ahmadli, R., Fara-Shirazi, S.Z., Moshiri, E., Ansari, H., Khazaei, S.K. and Afrashteh, S., 2019. Prevalence of junk food consumption, overweight/obesity and self-rated health and fitness in high school adolescent girls: a cross sectional study in a deprived area of Qom. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 48(3), pp.208–214. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v48i3.8754
Published on 05 Sep 2019.
Peer Reviewed

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