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Original Articles

Analysis of nutritional status and factors associated with undernutrition in children aged 6-59 months in a rural area of Sri Lanka

Authors:

Gihan Sanjeewa Samarasekara,

District General Hospital, Moneragala, LK
About Gihan Sanjeewa
Consultant Paediatrician, District General Hospital, Moneragala, Sri Lanka, 
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Sachith Mettananda ,

University of Kelaniya, LK
About Sachith

Senior Lecturer, Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka

Consultant Paediatrician, Colombo North Teaching Hospital, Ragama

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Pushpa Punchihewa

Lady Ridgeway Children’s Hospital, Colombo, LK
About Pushpa

Consultant Paediatrician

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Abstract

Objective: To describe the prevalence and factors associated with undernutrition in children aged 6-59 months in a rural area of Sri Lanka.

Method: A community-based, cross-sectional study was carried out among children aged 6-59 months attending well baby clinics in Dehiattakandiya Medical Officer of Health area from November 2016 to January 2017. Data collection was done using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Weight and height measurements were taken with calibrated instruments. Data analysis was done using logistic regression by SPSS 16.0.

Results: Four hundred and sixty four children were recruited having a mean age of 29.3 ±14.6 months; 53% were females. Prevalence of stunting, underweight and wasting was 36.4%, 42.9% and 19.0% respectively. The following independent associations were identified: for stunting– low birth weight, breastfeeding beyond 2 years, lower maternal education and paternal smoking; for underweight– birth order >2, low birth weight, breastfeeding beyond 2 years, lower maternal education and paternal smoking and alcohol use; for wasting– male sex, low birth weight and paternal smoking.

Conclusions: Low birth weight, prolonged breastfeeding, lower maternal education level and paternal smoking had a significant association with stunting and underweight whilst male sex, low birth weight and paternal smoking had a significant association with wasting in children aged 6-59 months.

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2019; 48(2): 105-110

How to Cite: Samarasekara, G.S., Mettananda, S. and Punchihewa, P., 2019. Analysis of nutritional status and factors associated with undernutrition in children aged 6-59 months in a rural area of Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 48(2), pp.105–110. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v48i2.8701
Published on 05 Jun 2019.
Peer Reviewed

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