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Original Articles

Building characteristics and sick building syndrome among primary school students

Authors:

Reza Fouladi Fard ,

Research Centre for Environmental Pollutants, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran, IR
About Reza

Research Centre for Environmental Pollutants, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran

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Mohammad Reza Hosseini,

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran, IR
About Mohammad
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
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Maryam Faraji,

Young Researchers and Elite Club, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, IR
About Maryam
Young Researchers and Elite Club, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran 
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Alireza Omidi Oskouei

Department of Public Health, School of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran, IR
About Alireza

Department of Public Health, School of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran

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Abstract

Background: The sick building syndrome (SBS) describes situations in which building occupants experience acute negative physical and mental effects linked to the time spent in a contaminated area without any identified illness.

Objective: The study was carried out in order to assess the prevalence of SBS among primary school students in Qom, Iran, and the association between SBS symptoms and personal, psychosocial and environmental factors.         

Method: A descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 24 primary schools in different regions of Qom, Iran, from 15 September 2014 to 27 February 2015. Four hundred and twenty students, comprising an equal number of randomly selected males and females, aged 7-13 years, participated in the study. A standardized questionnaire was completed by 397 (94.5 %) students. Data was then analysed using SPSS software.

Results: Twenty four percent of students, comprising 65.3% of female and 34.7% of male students, had SBS. The most frequent symptom of SBS was headache identified in 39 (10%) cases. A significant difference was observed between SBS symptoms and gender (p = 0.001). Whilst SBS had a significant direct correlation with the age of the school building (p= 0.001) there was a significant inverse correlation with ventilation (p=0.002) and the student satisfaction with the size and lighting of classrooms (p= 0.02).

Conclusions: Prevalence of SBS among students of primary schools in the city of Qom, Iran was 24%. Statistically significant associations were observed between SBS and gender, ventilation, age of school building and student satisfaction with the size and lighting of classrooms.

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2018; 47(4)332-337

How to Cite: Fard, R.F., Hosseini, M.R., Faraji, M. and Oskouei, A.O., 2018. Building characteristics and sick building syndrome among primary school students. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 47(4), pp.332–337. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v47i4.8595
Published on 05 Dec 2018.
Peer Reviewed

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