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Original Articles

Clinical profile and outcome of newborns who underwent double volume exchange transfusion in the neonatal intensive care unit at B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Nepal

Authors:

Piush Kanodia ,

BPKIHS, NP
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Sunil Kumar Yadav,

BPKIHS, NP
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Nisha Keshary Bhatta,

BPKIHS, NP
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Rupa Rajbhandari Singh,

BPKIHS, NP
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Shankar Prasad Yadav

BPKIHS, NP
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Abstract

Introduction: About 50% term and 80% preterm babies develop neonatal jaundice. Treatment to prevent bilirubin encephalopathy consists of phototherapy or exchange transfusion (ET). ET is not risk free, and mortality rates vary from 0.5 to 3.3%.

Objective: To report our observations on efficacy, adverse events and factors contributing to mortality related with ET performed for the treatment of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia at a tertiary-care centre.

Method: This retrospective study was conducted at the neonatology division of B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Nepal. All neonates who required ET for jaundice from January 2013 to December 2014 were included.

Results: Sixty four neonates underwent double volume ET. Predominant causes of hyperbilirubinaemia were ABO incompatibility (32.8%), Rh incompatibility (17.2%) and idiopathic (20.3%). There was a mean reduction in serum bilirubin levels to 13.1±3.82 mg/dl in the post-ET and 14.63±3.16 mg/dl in the 6 hour post-ET period. The common adverse events were hypocalcaemia in 50% and thrombocytopenia in 35.9% of neonates. Other events such as hypoglycaemia (17.2%), apnoea (18.8%) and mortality (3.1%) occurred following ET.

Conclusions: ABO incompatibility was the commonest cause for ET. Most of the complications were transient. Mortality rate was 3.1% in this study.

How to Cite: Kanodia, P., Yadav, S.K., Bhatta, N.K., Singh, R.R. and Yadav, S.P., 2016. Clinical profile and outcome of newborns who underwent double volume exchange transfusion in the neonatal intensive care unit at B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Nepal. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 45(4), pp.267–270. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v45i4.8061
Published on 05 Dec 2016.
Peer Reviewed

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