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A multi-centric retrospective study of poisoning in children in 3 Medical College Hospitals across 3 different states in India

Authors:

Arijit Das ,

Dept. of Paediatrics, College of Medicine and JNM Hospital, Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal,, IN
About Arijit
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Paediatrics, College of Medicine and JNM Hospital, Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal, 
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Yashwant Kumar Rao,

Dept. of Paediatrics, GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh,, IN
About Yashwant
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Paediatrics, GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh,
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Madhulata Pandey,

Dept. of Paediatrics, Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Sikkim,, IN
About Madhulata
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Paediatrics, Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Sikkim,
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Ritesh Singh,

Dept. of Community Medicine, College of Medicine & JNM Hospital, Kalyani, West Bengal, LK
About Ritesh
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Community Medicine, College of Medicine & JNM Hospital, Kalyani, West Bengal
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Radhabinod Pal

Dept. of Paediatrics, Bankura Sammilani Medical College, West Bengal, India, IN
About Radhabinod

RMO cum Clinical Tutor, Dept. of Paediatrics, Bankura Sammilani Medical College, West Bengal, India

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Abstract

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2015; 44(4): 209-212

Introduction: The prevalence and types of poisoning vary in different geographical locations.

Objectives: To study poisoning among children in 3 medical college centres across 3 different states in India.

Method: A multi-centric retrospective study was conducted from March 2013 to February 2014. The collected data was tabulated and analysed and results were evaluated.

Results:  A total of 290 cases of poisoning in the 3 Medical Colleges was included in the study. Poisoning cases constituted about 1% of hospital admissions. The commonest age group was 1-5 years. Kerosene oil constituted 30.3% of poisoning cases. Snake bite envenomation constituted 10% of poisoning. Corrosive poisons constituted 7.5% and drugs 6.0% of poisoning. There were 12 deaths.

Conclusions: Kerosene oil was the commonest cause of poisoning in children in all 3 centres. Envenomation due to snake bites was the next common cause. Overall mortality rate was 4.1%.

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2015; 44(4): 209-212

How to Cite: Das, A., Rao, Y.K., Pandey, M., Singh, R. and Pal, R., 2015. A multi-centric retrospective study of poisoning in children in 3 Medical College Hospitals across 3 different states in India. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 44(4), pp.209–212. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v44i4.8044
Published on 09 Dec 2015.
Peer Reviewed

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