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A descriptive hospital based study of rotavirus diarrhoea in children aged 6 months to 3 years

Authors:

Gursharan Singh ,

Department of Paediatrics, Sri Guru Ramdas Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Sri Amritsar, India, IN
About Gursharan
Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Sri Guru Ramdas Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Sri Amritsar, India
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Gagan Deep Singh,

Department of Paediatrics, Sri Guru Ramdas Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Sri Amritsar, India, IN
About Gagan
Junior Resident, Department of Paediatrics, Sri Guru Ramdas Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Sri Amritsar, India
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Sunita Arora,

Department of Paediatrics, Sri Guru Ramdas Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Sri Amritsar, India, IN
About Sunita
Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Sri Guru Ramdas Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Sri Amritsar, India
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Gurmeet Singh,

IN
About Gurmeet
Associate Professor Department of Paediatrics, Sri Guru Ramdas Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Sri Amritsar, India
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Aruna Aggarwal

ri Guru Ramdas Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Sri Amritsar, India, IN
About Aruna
4Professor, Department of Microbiology, Sri Guru Ramdas Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Sri Amritsar, India
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Abstract

Objective: To study the prevalence, demographic characteristics, clinical characteristics, laboratory parameters and therapy of rotavirus diarrhoea in children aged 6 months to 3 years in a hospital setting

 

Method: A prospective hospital based cross-sectional study was carried out in Sri Guru Ramdas Institute of Medical Sciences and Research on 50 consecutive children aged 6 month to 3 years with diarrhoea from December 2011 to June 2013. Stool samples were collected and rotavirus antigen detection was done by the Enzyme Immunoassay method. Stool microscopy and culture were done to find out bacterial and other causes for diarrhoea. Data so obtained was statistically analysed.

Results: Out of 50 patients 22 tested positive for rotavirus by FAR diagnostic rotavirus card ELISA test. Prevalence of rotavirus diarrhoea in our study was 44%. Rotavirus diarrhoea was found most commonly in 6-12 months age group and in the months of October to December. Most of the patients presented with some dehydration.

Conclusions: Prevalence of rotavirus diarrhoea in our hospital based study was 44%. The consistency of stools was watery in a significant number of rotavirus diarrhoea patients compared to non-rotavirus patients (p<0.05). A significant number of cases with rotavirus diarrhoea had some dehydration compared to non-rotavirus patients (p<0.05).

(Key words: Rotavirus; prevalence; dehydration)

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2014; 43(4): 219-223

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v43i4.7766

How to Cite: Singh, G., Singh, G.D., Arora, S., Singh, G. and Aggarwal, A., 2014. A descriptive hospital based study of rotavirus diarrhoea in children aged 6 months to 3 years. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 43(4), pp.219–223. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v43i4.7766
Published on 12 Dec 2014.
Peer Reviewed

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