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Original Articles

Relation between milk consumption and ethnicity, economic status and parent's education level among primary school children in the north of Iran

Author:

Gholamreza Veghari

Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran, LK
About Gholamreza

Assistant Professor of Nutrition and Faculty Member, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran

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Abstract

Objective: The main aim of this study was to evaluate milk consumption status and interest in milk among northern Iranian primary school children in 2010.

Method: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study performed in 7430 students (3935 male) from 112 schools in urban and rural areas. The schools and students were chosen by cluster and stratified sampling. Data was collected for all samples through interview.

Results: Milk consumption was present in 62.7% of students (female 60.7%, male 64.5%) and in Turkman ethnic groups (66.0%) was significantly more than in other ethnic groups such as Fars-native (61.4%) and Sisstanish ethnic group (58.2%) (P=0.001). The odds ratio estimate for milk consumption was 1.85 [95% CI: 1.59, 2.16] for good economic group compared to poor economic group; 1.17 [95% CI:1.05-1.31] for students whose mothers  had 1-12 years schooling compare to students whose mother were illiterate; 1.31 [95% CI:1.09-1.08] for students whose father were college educated compared to students whose fathers were illiterate. The odds ratio estimate for interest in milk was 0.84 [95% CI: 0.73, 0.99] for good economic group compared to poor economic group; 0.88 [95% CI: 0.79-0.99] for students whose mothers had 1-12 years schooling compared to students whose mothers were illiterate.

Conclusions: Milk consumption was shown among 63% of students and was significantly more in boys than in girls, in urban than in rural areas and in Turkman ethnic groups (66%) than in other ethnic groups. High interest in milk was shown among 66% of students.

(Key word: Milk; school; children; race; Iran)

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v42i1.5292

How to Cite: Veghari, G., 2013. Relation between milk consumption and ethnicity, economic status and parent's education level among primary school children in the north of Iran. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 42(1), pp.33–37. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v42i1.5292
Published on 13 Mar 2013.
Peer Reviewed

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