Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children with unintentional injuries

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Original Articles

Prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children with unintentional injuries

Authors:

H Perera ,

Professor, Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Colombo, LK
About H
X close

K C Jeewandra,

Medical Officer in Psychiatry, Lady Ridgeway Hospital for Children, Colombo, LK
About K C
X close

N Jayasuriya,

Senior Registrar, Lady Ridgeway Hospital for Children, Colombo
About N
X close

R Dias

Senior Lecturer, Department of Surgery, University of Colombo, LK
About R
X close

Abstract

Introduction: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by hyperactivity, inattention and impulsiveness. Risk-taking behaviour and accident proneness are well recognized in these children. 

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of ADHD among children attending an Accident Service and to describe the injury profile.

Method: Data was gathered from children with unintentional-injuries attending Accident Service on randomly selected days. SNAP IV, an 18-item standardized schedule validated for diagnosis of ADHD, was interviewer-administered to parents. Injury-related data was collected using a semi-structured questionnaire.  

Results: One hundred and fifty one children, aged 4 to 12 years (mean age 8.5 years), participated in the study. Prevalence of ADHD in this group was 18%. Children with and without ADHD did not differ in mean age and gender distribution. Children with ADHD were more likely to sustain injury needing hospitalization, report previous injury needing hospitalization and were perceived by mothers as injury prone, which were all statistically significant (p<0.05). 

Conclusions: Prevalence of ADHD among children attending an Accident Service was 18%. Children with ADHD were more likely to sustain injury needing hospitalization (p<0.01). Children with ADHD were perceived by parents as prone to injury (p<0.05).

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2012; 41(1): 20-23

(Key Words: ADHD; unintentional-injuries; injury-proneness; children)

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v41i1.4131

How to Cite: Perera, H., Jeewandra, K.C., Jayasuriya, N. and Dias, R., 2012. Prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children with unintentional injuries. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 41(1), pp.20–23. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v41i1.4131
Published on 05 Mar 2012.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus