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A survey on febrile seizures at the Lady Ridgeway Hospital for Children

Authors:

G Liyanage ,

Paediatrics, Lady Ridgeway Hospital, Colombo, LK
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TUN De Silva,

Paediatrics, Lady Ridgeway Hospital, Colombo, LK
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BJC Perera

Paediatrics, Lady Ridgeway Hospital, Colombo, LK
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Abstract

Objectives To evaluate demographic, clinical and management aspects of febrile convulsions.

Method A prospective study was carried out on all children admitted to Lady Ridgeway Hospital with a diagnosis of febrile convulsions during June and July 2002. Children with a history of afebrile seizures and those with evidence of a neurodevelopmental deficit or central nervous system infection were excluded. Data was obtained from medical records and direct interview of parents/guardians of children with febrile convulsions using a pre-tested validated questionnaire.

Results 330 children were admitted with febrile convulsions. Male to female ratio was 3:2. The mean age was 22 months. Approximately 25% had a history of febrile convulsions in first degree relatives. 25% had complex febrile seizures. 80% of seizures occurred within 24 hours of the onset of fever. 24 (7%) children received long term prophylaxis for recurring febrile convulsions. Upper respiratory tract infection was the commonest trigger factor. 48% of the parents/guardians did not have a satisfactory knowledge of first aid.

Key words: Febrile seizures, children

doi: 10.4038/sljch.v34i4.389

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2005; 34: 109-13

How to Cite: Liyanage, G., De Silva, T. and Perera, B., 2009. A survey on febrile seizures at the Lady Ridgeway Hospital for Children. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 34(4), pp.109–113. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v34i4.389
Published on 06 Mar 2009.
Peer Reviewed

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