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A descriptive study of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) at Lady Ridgeway Hospital for Children, Colombo

Authors:

S H Kariyawasam ,

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, LK
About S H
Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Pharmacology, F/M,
University of Colombo,
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A Koralagama,

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, LK
About A
Medical Officer, Lady Ridgeway Hospital, Colombo.
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P Jayawardane,

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, LK
About P
Lecturer, Dept. of Pharmacology, F/M, University of Sri Jayawardanapura.
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B Karunathilake,

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, LK
About B
Consultant Psychiatrist ,Lady Ridgeway Hospital, Colombo,
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V Perera,

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, LK
About V
Consultant Psychiatrist, Mental Hospital, Angoda.
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H Perera

Sri Lanka College of Paediatricians, LK
About H
Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Psychological Medicine, F/M, University of Colombo.
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Abstract

Objectives To determine:
  • Frequency of ADHD among referrals to Child Psychiatry and Guidance Clinics (CPGC) of Lady Ridgeway Hospital (LRH).
  • Associated neuropsychiatric disorders.
  • Social problems experienced by affected children and their families.
  • Compliance to methylphenidate (MPD) treatment.

Design A descriptive prospective study.

Method Diagnosis was made according to DSM-IV
criteria using a validated Sinhala assessment form.
Statistical analysis was done with 1-way ANOVA.

Results 37 children attending CPGC at LRH had
ADHD. There was a male preponderance. Mean age
was 6.5 years. Learning disorders and obsessive
compulsive disorders / behaviours were commonly
associated neuropsychiatric conditions. 'Often
receiving complaints from school' was a significant
social problem for ADHD children and their families.
MPD treatment helped with school related problems
in the short- term, but there was no improvement in
academic performance. Beneficial effect of MPD,
given for six months, was not convincing and there
was poor compliance, mostly due to inadequate
improvement in symptoms.

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2002; 31: 109-14

(Key words: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, ADHD)

doi: 10.4038/sljch.v31i4.753

 

 

How to Cite: Kariyawasam, S.H., Koralagama, A., Jayawardane, P., Karunathilake, B., Perera, V. and Perera, H., 2009. A descriptive study of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) at Lady Ridgeway Hospital for Children, Colombo. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 31(4), pp.109–114. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v31i4.753
Published on 14 Jul 2009.
Peer Reviewed

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