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Original Articles

Nutritional status of year-1 school girls in the Colombo Municipality

Authors:

L P Paranahewa ,

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, LK
About L P
Medical Student, University of Colombo.
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L O H W Pathinayake,

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, LK
About L O H W
Medical Student, University of Colombo.
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U S Pathirage

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, LK
About U S
Medical Student, University of Colombo.
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Abstract

Objectives
  • To estimate prevalence of malnutrition among year-1 school girls in Colombo Municipality.
  • To compare nutritional status of year-1 school girls in 2 grades of schools.
  • To study factors which might influence the nutritional status of year-1 school girls.
  • To identify ways in which mothers received nutritional advice.

Design A descriptive cross-sectional study.

Setting Schools within Colombo Municipality.

Study population 100 year-1 school girls within
Colombo Municipality.

Method 4 schools were selected by random
sampling. Stratified sampling was used to
determine the number of students to be chosen
from each class. Individual children were selected
by systematic sampling. Students chronically ill,
those whose parents were absent and those born
preterm were excluded. An interview-based
questionnaire was used to collect data from
mothers. Weights and heights of children were
measured. The statistical method used to establish
significance was the standard normal deviate (Zscore).
A Z-score <1.96 is not significant (p>0.05);
1.96-2.58 probably significant (p less than 0.05); >2.58
definitely significant (p less than 0,01).

Results Overall distribution and separate
distribution for each school grade, of heights and
weights in year-1 school girls in Colombo
Municipality was tabulated and the nutritional
status determined. Nutritional status of different
grades was compared statistically.
Weights of year-1 school girls were grouped as
underweight (less than 2SD), normal and overweight
(>2SD) and the values tabulated for factors thought
to influence nutritional status.

Conclusions

  • 16% year-1 school girls in Colombo Municipality were underweight and 2% were stunted.
  • There was no significant difference in the nutritional status of year-1 school girls in grades A and C schools in the Colombo Municipality.
  • None of the factors studied significantly influenced the nutritional status of year-1 school girls in Colombo Municipality.
  • 3 commonest modes of receiving nutritional advice were family health midwife, family practitioner and mass media.

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2002; 31: 82-8

(Key words: Nutritional status, girls, Colombo)

doi: 10.4038/sljch.v31i3.770

 

How to Cite: Paranahewa, L.P., Pathinayake, L.O.H.W. and Pathirage, U.S., 2009. Nutritional status of year-1 school girls in the Colombo Municipality. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 31(3), pp.82–88. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v31i3.770
Published on 15 Jul 2009.
Peer Reviewed

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