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Original Articles

The influence of breastfeeding duration and introduction of animal source foods, fruit juice and vegetables on the risk of weight gain in Thai children

Authors:

Seo Ah Hong,

ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Thailand and Institute for Health and Society, Hanyang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea,, TH
About Seo
ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Thailand and Institute for Health and Society, Hanyang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea,
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Aroonsri Mongkolchati ,

ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Thailand, TH
About Aroonsri
ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Thailand
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Taksin Pimpak

College of Medicine and Public Health, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand, TH
About Taksin
College of Medicine and Public Health, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand
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Abstract

Objective: To examine the influence of infant feeding practices on weight gain in children at 24 months of age.

Method: Study data were from 4,245 children from the Prospective Cohort study of Thai Children conducted in 2000-2002. Information on breast feeding duration and timing of specific types of complementary foods introduction was collected in infancy. Overweight (BMI-for-age >2 SD from WHO standard median) and weight gain (weight at birth minus body weight at 24-months) were evaluated.

Results: Breastfeeding for 12 months or more reduced the weight gain (ß=-0.0101, p<0.0001) and the risk of overweight (aOR=0.24, 95% CI=0.15-0.40) after adjustment for confounders. In light of specific types of foods, overweight risk decreased with increasing age at introduction of animal source foods (aOR=0.78, 95% CI=0.67-0.91), vegetables (aOR=0.85, 95% CI=0.76-0.96), and fruit juices (aOR=0.92, 95% CI=0.83-1.01), whereas weight gain had an inverse association with animal source foods (p=0.0004) and vegetables (p<0.0001). 

Conclusion: This study concluded that longer duration of breastfeeding and late introduction of animal source foods, fruit juices and vegetables decreased weight gain or overweight risk in children at 24 months of age.

(Keywords: Breastfeeding duration, complementary food introduction, weight gain, obesity)

Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2017; 46(2): 108-116

How to Cite: Hong, S.A., Mongkolchati, A. & Pimpak, T., (2017). The influence of breastfeeding duration and introduction of animal source foods, fruit juice and vegetables on the risk of weight gain in Thai children. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health. 46(2), pp.108–116. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v46i2.8264
Published on 05 Jun 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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